A Baltic Earth Science Plan is established in 2016, with a definition of core research questions, so-called “Grand Challenges”. The intention is to respond flexibly to a continuously on-going definition of core research questions which are identified to be key scientific issues, or Grand Challenges for research. These will be identified at conferences and by assessing existing knowledge in a specific research field by dedicated working groups (following the BACC approach). Research foci are planned for periods of about 3-4 years, then terminated, updated or extended. Baltic Earth will communicate with stakeholders and research funding agencies to promote funding relevant for the Grand Challenges.
The following Grand Challenges have been suggested by members of the Interim SSG in the planning phase of Baltic Earth. The list (sequence does not reflect importance) is tentative and open to modifications. Each of these Grand Challenges is processed by a dedicated Working Group.
Aspects of anthropogenic changes and anthropogenic impacts on the Earth system of the Baltic Sea region shall be part of the GCs and be treated there together with the natural drivers, wherever possible and reasonable.