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2nd Baltic Earth Conference
The Baltic Sea Region in Transition
Helsingor, Denmark
11 - 15 June 2018



A Baltic Earth Science Plan is established in 2016, with a definition of core research questions, so-called “Grand Challenges”. The intention is to respond flexibly to a continuously on-going definition of core research questions which are identified to be key scientific issues, or Grand Challenges for research. These will be identified at conferences and by assessing existing knowledge in a specific research field by dedicated working groups (following the BACC approach). Research foci are planned for periods of about 3-4 years, then terminated, updated or extended. Baltic Earth will communicate with stakeholders and research funding agencies to promote funding relevant for the Grand Challenges.

The following Grand Challenges have been suggested by members of the Interim SSG in the planning phase of Baltic Earth. The list (sequence does not reflect importance) is tentative and open to modifications. Each of these Grand Challenges is processed by a dedicated Working Group.

  1. Salinity dynamics in the Baltic Sea
  2. Land-Sea biogeochemical linkages in the Baltic Sea region
  3. Natural hazards and extreme events in the Baltic Sea region
  4. Sea level dynamics in the Baltic Sea
  5. Regional variability of water and energy exchanges
  6. Multiple drivers for regional Earth system changes

In addition, the BALTEX Working Groups on the “Utility of Regional Climate Models”, and “Assessment of Scenario Simulations for the Baltic Sea 1960-2100“ will continue in Baltic Earth. Dedicated Working Groups have also been established on “Outreach and Communication” and “Education”.

Aspects of anthropogenic changes and anthropogenic impacts on the Earth system of the Baltic Sea region shall be part of the GCs and be treated there together with the natural drivers, wherever possible and reasonable.


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Last update of this page: 17 Dec 2016